Table of medical symbols and their meanings Very important, the human body experiences many setbacks during his life, and these setbacks are often caused by exposure to pollutants. in a The surrounding environment of the individual, and these effects may appear very quickly, and to detect these problems faster, doctors resort to requesting medical tests, which are difficult for the average person to understand the meanings of their symbols and abbreviations, and in our article this via Reference site, we will learn about what medical tests are, their types, symbols, meanings and importance.

Medical tests

Medical tests are the tests that the specialized doctor performs, or the tests that the patient requests to be performed in hospitals or clinics specialized in the test, in order to understand the condition of the body, or the appearance of symptoms that indicate that the patient suffers from a defect in a member of the body, and to obtain The diagnosis on the basis of which the doctor builds the treatment plan, and there is confusion in the confusion between medical tests and laboratory tests. Medical tests are a comprehensive term for any analysis related to the human body and its diseases, including laboratory tests, radiography, and others. As for laboratory tests, they are one of the Types of comprehensive medical analyzes, whose goal is to verify a sample of blood, urine, stool, or body tissues, so that a sample is taken and a test is performed on it.[1]

What is the specialty of medical laboratories?

Types of medical tests

Analyzes and tests are widely used in the world of medicine, as they indicate what is going on inside the body and its composition, and help doctors diagnose medical conditions, plan or evaluate treatments, and these analyzes are very diverse, and among all medical analyzes, laboratory analyzes are among the most types of analyzes which are performed very intensively every day around the world, which rely on clinical chemistry, which are chemical processes for measuring levels of chemical components in body fluids and tissues, and the most common samples used in clinical chemistry are blood and urine.[1]

Table of medical symbols and their meanings

The technician or the specialist doctor analyzes the test samples to see if the patient’s results fall within the normal range. Below, we present the most important of these analyzes and their symbols in the attached table:[2]

Test code Meaning of the symbol Reason for testing
ABG arterial blood gases It is usually done to screen for lung diseases
ACL anterior cruciate ligament Injury to a common part of the knee
ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder When a behavior disorder occurs
AFIB atrial fibrillation To prevent arrhythmia
ACE angiotensin converting enzyme High blood pressure, heart failure, diabetes and kidney disease.
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome To detect infection caused by HIV
ALP Alkaline phosphatase test To detect diseases of the liver or bones
AS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis If this occurs, it is known as Lou Gehrig’s disease
ALT ألانين أمينو ترانسفيراز To detect liver disease
AMD Age-related macular degeneration To prevent an eye problem
WHICH Acute heart failure To prevent a heart attack
AODM Adult Diabetes Test To detect type 2 diabetes
AST Asbestos amino transferase To detect liver disease
mall Arterial venous malformations circulatory disorder
BP blood pressure The force of blood pressure on the arterial walls
BMI BMI A measure of how much a body weighs, based on its height
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia enlarged prostate gland
BRCA breast cancer gene Women with this gene are more likely to develop breast or ovarian cancer.
GOOD urea nitrogen in the blood To detect problems with kidney disease
CA-125 Cancer antigen 125 A blood test to measure cancer activity
CABG Coronary artery bypass grafting It is performed before a type of heart surgery
CAD coronary heart disease To detect a common type of heart disease
CAT Computed axial tomography type of x-ray
CBC Comprehensive blood test A blood test that measures many characteristics of blood cells
CHD congenital heart disease A heart disease that a person is born with
CHF congestive heart failure or heart failure A condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood throughout the body.
CMV Cytomegalovirus It is a common virus that causes cells to enlarge
CNS The central nervous system To examine the brain and spinal cord
COPD chronic pulmonary obstruction To detect a lung disease that makes breathing difficult
CPK Creatine phosphokinase A blood test for CPK, to see if the patient has had a heart attack
CPR CPR An emergency cardiac procedure, to find out if the patient’s heart has stopped, or if he has stopped breathing.
CRF Chronic kidney failure To detect kidney failure disease
CRP C-reactive protein A blood test to see if the patient has an infection or heart problems.
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid test Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord
CVA stroke test To find out if there was a stroke or stroke
CXR chest x-ray A diagnostic test that uses radiation to make pictures of the lungs
D & C Stretching and scraping It is performed before a surgical procedure is performed on the uterus
DJD degenerative joint disease A test to detect another type of arthritis
ECG or EKG Electrocardiogram A test that measures the electrical impulses of the heart
ECHO echocardiogram A test that uses sound waves to check the heart
SEE electroencephalogram A test that measures the electrical impulses of the brain
EMG Electromyography A test that measures the electrical impulses of the muscles
ERCP Endoscopic imaging of the pancreas and biliary tract A method for diagnosing problems of the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts and pancreas
ESR sedimentation rate Sedimentation rate test to detect infections
ESRD End-stage renal disease Test to see if kidney disease has reached the end stage
FSH ovulation hormone A blood test to assess female fertility
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease A problem that occurs when stomach contents leak back into the esophagus
GFR Glomerular filtration rate Test to determine the extent of kidney damage
HAV Hepatitis To detect this virus that causes one type of liver disease
HBV Hepatitis B virus To detect this virus that causes one type of liver disease
HCT Higher Colleges of Technology or Hematocrit blood test measurement
HCV Hepatitis C virus To detect this virus that causes one type of liver disease
HDL high density lipoprotein A type of cholesterol, also called HDL cholesterol
LDL Low Density Lipoprotein A type of cholesterol, also called bad cholesterol
HGB hemoglobin blood test measurement
HIV Immunity deficiency Virus To detect the virus that causes AIDS
HPV human papilloma virus To detect the virus that causes cervical cancer
HRT Hormone replacement therapy Hormone supplements that women may take
HTN Hypertension High blood pressure check
IDDM Insulin dependent diabetes Type 1 diabetes
NIDDM Non-insulin dependent diabetes Type 2 diabetes
IVP Intravenous pyelogram X-ray examination of the urinary system
LFT Liver function tests Liver function tests
ME Heart attack myocardial infarction test
MRI MRI A type of imaging test
MS multiple sclerosis Disease affecting the nervous system
MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Test for some type of infection
NG my nose is contagious It is a type of endoscopy used to empty the contents of the stomach
PAP Babanikolau PAP test for cervical cancer.
PAD peripheral arterial disease Diseases of the arteries outside the heart


NSAID NSAIDs Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen
PAT Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia arrhythmia
PET Positron emission tomography A type of X-ray test
PFT lung function test A test to see how the human lungs work
PID pelvic inflammatory disease Infection and inflammation of the female genitals
PMS premenstrual syndrome A group of symptoms that may occur before menstruation
PPD Derived Protein Purification Test Skin testing for tuberculosis patients
PSA Prostate-specific antigen A blood test to detect prostate disease
PT prothrombin time coagulation meter
PTH thyroid hormone Blood test to detect parathyroid disease
PTSD Post-traumatic stress syndrome Mental illness caused by traumatic events
PTT partial thromboplastin time coagulation meter
PUD peptic ulcer disease stomach disease
PVC premature ventricular contraction arrhythmia
OUT Rheumatoid arthritis A type of joint disease
RBC red blood cell A test for a type of blood cell
WBC White blood cells A test for a type of blood cell
RSV respiratory syncytial virus Virus that causes infections in children
T3 triiodothyronine A blood test to detect thyroid disease
T4 thyroxine A blood test to detect thyroid disease
TIA transient ischemic attack small stroke
TIBC Total iron capacity needed A test that measures the amount of iron in the blood
TORCH It stands for a group of infections that may cause birth defects The newborn undergoes this test, to check for infection, and sometimes the mother also needs this test
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone A blood test to detect thyroid disease
SHAME Transurethral resection of the prostate A pre-operative test to remove parts of the prostate gland
HATE upper respiratory infection Test for upper respiratory infection
XRT radiotherapy test A pre-treatment test that uses radiation, usually for cancer
UTI Urinary tract infection Diagnosis of bladder and kidney injury

The importance of periodic medical examinations

Periodic medical tests are the tests that a person must perform automatically every period of time, even if he does not suffer from any health symptoms, and this is extremely important for several reasons, including:[3]

  • They can help detect health problems early, so they can even be detected before they start.
  • Detecting the disease in its early stages, helps to speed up treatment, and gives the patient a better chance for a happy, healthy and long life.
  • Regular tests may reveal diseases that do not give any alert that there is a health problem.
  • A regular screening test can detect and prevent a serious disease such as cancer, or the risk of clots forming in the blood vessels, heart and brain.
  • Preventing health problems from becoming chronic can save money and health.
  • Early tests may reveal genetic diseases, especially if the patient has a family history of a certain disease or other risk factors.
  • Some tests, especially blood tests, indicate whether the medicines we take are working properly, or assess how well the blood is clotting.

The future of radiology for girls

Recommended periodic medical examinations

Given the importance of conducting early tests, a person must know the recommended health tests, which must be done at least every one to two years, especially in high-risk age groups, the most important of which are:[3]

  • General periodic exams: Which includes blood and urine tests, which lead to knowing what is going on in human blood from viruses, or what comes out of them with urine, the most important of which is a complete blood test, blood pressure, cholesterol, coagulation, blood lipids, blood glucose, blood response to insulin production, examination skin cancer and others.
  • Periodic examinations for women: This is necessary for women, as there are many gynecological diseases that are not detected quickly and do not show any symptoms at the beginning, and among the most important tests are the Pap smear to search for cancer cells, bone density test to prevent osteoporosis, and colonoscopy, especially from the age of 50 years.
  • Regular exams for men: Especially with regard to tests of the male glands, such as checking the prostate periodically, to prevent prostate cancer, or testing for testicular cancer, in addition to colonoscopy, especially from the age of 50 years.

Table of medical analysis symbols and their meanings pdf

The table of medical analysis symbols and their meanings, is not only important for workers in this medical field, but it is also important for ordinary people who take tests for any reason, to help them understand what these symbols and medical abbreviations mean, and therefore, we present this article in a pdf file format, It can be downloaded “from here”, in order to make the most of it, and to remain a reference that can be referenced when needed.

With this, we come to the end of our article, which was titled Table of medical symbols and their meanings، Through which we learned about what medical analyzes are, their types, symbols and meanings, and what their importance to us is, as well as what are the necessary and recommended tests on a regular basis.